When used in prairies and bottomland sites, Panic grass develops lon... Peltandra virginica, Arrow arum, grows in still or slow moving waters of ponds, swamps, marshes, and banks of streams. Scirpus americanus has a medium spread rate and is a great stabilizer of pond banks and river banks. Those species for โฆ Environmental water has helped the following wetlands. Plants For Freshwater Marsh . If planting in a garden marsh, leave in a pot. Chasmanthium latifolium grows well in a variety of soils with varying moisture... Chelone glabra, White turtle head, is a deer resistant perennial perfect for shaded or woodland gardens with moist soil. This plant propagates via rhizomes, which is a type of plant node. It spreads slowly via a short rhizome to form a fine textured c... Carex scoparia, Pointed broom sedge, is an attractive clumping sedge with fine textured foliage. The native forms are usually shades of blue-purple, but we also have the uncommon white f... Proserpinaca palustris, water Mermaid, is a native perennial found in swamps, marshes, shores, and ephemeral woodland ponds. They are generally placed on planting shelves within the pond. Cattails generally bloom during the summer months. Commonly found in prairies, wood margins, meadows, along roadsides, or in waste areas, the Ohio Spiderwort is a clump-forming herbaceous perennial which grows 3' tall with blue-green, arching, grass-like leaves. Blooms July to September. The importance of salt marsh plants. This is by no means a complete list--the total number of wetland plants for Wisconsin is probably in excess of 700 species. The list will grow as time and the availability of images allow. Even though I canโt give you an exhaustive list, the following is a list of all the plants I have come across in my research through the years that likely do have allelopathic properties. Copper iris is the perfect plant for moist to wet soils in full sun but also to... Iris prismatica, Blue iris, is similar to Iris versicolor except for the narrower leaves. Both of these families of plants create brightly colored blooms, ranging in color from white to pink to purple to red. Its square stem grows from 6"-2'. The bold Plants vs. Zombies Heroes means that plant is a hero instead of a regular card. Like its cousin the Cinnamon Fern it likes its feet wet and ankles dry and will form its own island like tussock as it matures. WETLAND PLANTS โ full species list (English) RECORDING FORM METHOD: wetland plants (full species list) survey Survey a single Focal Pond in each 1km square Aim: To assess pond quality and conservation value using plants, by recording all wetland plant โฆ The Inventory includes plants that currently cause damage in California (invasive plants) as well as "Watch" plants that are a high risk of becoming invasive in the future (designated with an asterisk). Caltha palustris, Marsh marigold, is one of the earliest blooming spring ephemerals in a wetland. Flowers bloom after two successive months of temps 75-85 degrees. Despite its grass-like foliage, the Blue-Eyed Grass belongs to the i... Solidago rugosa, Wrinkled Leaf Goldenrod, is a spectacular member of the Aster family. This clump forming bold textured sedge has medium green foliage and a decorative seed head resembling medieval weaponry. All Rights Reserved. Pondweed can overtake a marsh if not controlled properly. Pond Plants A - G; Pond Plants H - P; Pond Plants R - S; Pond Plants T - Z, Pond Snails & Baskets; Seed Packets; Shrubs; Uncategorized; Wildflower & Grass Seeds. Lake bank sedge has very upright blue-green foliage and blooms in early to mid summer. The plants that grow in this area generally have soft stems and are particularly adapted to these wet conditions. The upright stems of Great blue lobelia produce a striking blue flower head which creates a wonderful ... Ludwigia palustris, Marsh Purslane, is a creeping aquatic perennial that grows along shorelines, in shallow water, and moist soils. Duckweed is a primary food source for ducks and is also the smallest plant that produces flowers. This plant also produces the smalโฆ Although Wild Rice grows 8-10' tall, the s... Zizia aurea, Golden Alexander, is a native perennial which is found growing in small colonies in moist woods and meadows, swamps, thickets, riverbanks and prairies. It's named for the flower's resemblance to a monkey's face. A Wetland Planting Guide is available in the "About us" portion of the website. Scirpus cyperinus is a clump forming fine textured broad leaf rush that is common in... Scirpus fluviatilis, River Bulrush, is a rhizomatous species that forms very large colonies rather quickly. Decodon verticillatus is often found on the edges of standing water, lazy streams or marshy swamp... Dulichium arundinaceum, Three way sedge, is one of the easier to identify sedges. Gre... Scirpus cyperinus, Woolgrass, gets its name from its fluffy ornamental inflorescence which stands at 4-5’and blooms from late July to early September. As plants mature and seed fall occurs, the pond/wetland landscape will fill in. Panicum virgatum, Panic grass, is a colonizing perennial grass that grows in large clumps 3-6' tall with sturdy, flat, glossy leaf blades. The narrow-leaf cattail has thinner leaves than the common, which has broad leaves. She has written for a variety of websites and blogs, specializing in topics ranging from digital photography to computer systems to digital media. The slightly drooping seed heads... Equisetum fluviatile, Water horsetail, is a fairly slender medium-sized Equisetum growing 1-2' tall in dense dark green colonies along shorelines and shallow water. Some marsh plants are cattail, sawgrass, water lily, pickerel weed, spike rush, and bullrush. There are 372 non-sequel plants. Marsh hibiscus (Hibiscus moscheutos) A perennial that grows up to 6 feet tall with large, showy white or pink flowers and a rose-red flower center. The rigid stems of Saltmeado... Justicia americana, Water willow, grows from creeping rhizomes in large dense colonies submerged along the shorelines of lakes, ponds, and standing water. Generally, marshes receive their water from the surface, but certain marshes receive this moisture from groundwater. At the end of the stalk are clustered leaves with a triangular head. Purplestem Aster bares pale blue to pink flowers from mid August through October. Marshes can contain both fresh and saltwater. One of the most beautiful plants found on the marsh โ the lavender color flowers are easy to recognize and itโs blooming right about now, usually it stands up taller (up to two feet) than the surrounding grasses. Symphotrichum novi-belgii is a deer resistant PA rare plant that spreads s... Symphotrichum puniceum, Purplestem Aster, is a common naturalizer of wetlands, stream banks and moist meadows. The upright stems growing... Eleocharis acicularis, Least spikerush, is a perennial with smooth round solid stems which form an oval spike flower on the tips. Tussock sedge gracefully arches giving it the appearance of fountain grass. Th... Sorghastrum nutans, Indiangrass, is widely used in large scale roadside plantings, revegetation projects, prairie restorations, and many different types of erosion control projects because it grows well on disturbed sites and produ... Sparganium americanum, Lesser bur-reed, is one of several native species of this distinctive native plant. Three Square Rush provides exce... Scirpus atrovirens, Green Bulrush, is a broad leaf rush common to wet meadows and swales. Bristly sedge stands from 1-2 ½’ tall with wide light green foliage. This guide includes 128 of some of the most common wetland plants found in the state. The tallest American member of the Andropogon genus, big blue stem, forms sturdy upright clumps of narrow blades standing 6' tall. Plants just above the mean high water line: Saltmeadow cordgrass (Spartina patens) Red mangrove (Rhizophora mangle) Glyceria... Helianthus angustifolius, Swamp sunflower, is a narrow leaf perennial sunflower that will thrive in moist soil with full sun to part shade. With an elegant simplicity, this 2-3' tall rush grows in... Elymus hystrix, Bottle brush grass, grows in a wide range of soil conditions including heavy clay with dry to medium hydrology. Eryngium aquaticum stands 3-4’ tall and blooms... Eupatorium fistulosum, Joe pye weed, is a 6-8' tall yet graceful plant which prefers moist areas and has a tolerance for a variety of soils. From mid August through October, New England aster produces numerous flowers ranging in color from pale lavender t... Aster novi-belgii, New york aster, with slightly smaller blue flowers than New England aster, thrives in a more permanently moist habitat. Scirpus fluviatilis prov... Scirpus tabermontanii, Soft Stem Bulrush, is a rhizomatous species that forms dense colonies and provides excellent cover for waterfowl and spawning fish. Marsh marigold's heart shaped shiny foliage emerges in March and almost overnight is topped with bright yellow buttercup li... Carex comosa, Bristly sedge, is a member of the sedge family has a bristly bloom that acts like Velcro. Much less conspicuous, but at least as important to estuarine fish and shrimp, has been the sudden appearance last summer of large beds of widgeon grass (Ruppia maritima) under the shallow waters of East Harbor. Marsh marigold is able to remove pollutants and excess nutrients from water and soil. Looking straight down on the plant, leaves growing in ranks of three are visible. The rhizomes of Polygonum a... Pontederia cordata, Pickerelweed, is a common sight in quiet fresh water areas. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. The bold Plants vs. Zombies: Journey to the West means that plant is a hero instead of a regular plant. In fact, Euell Gibbons called Cattails the "Supermarket... Verbena hastata, Blue Vervain, can be found in a variety if habitats including moist prairies & meadows, floodplain woodlands, moist thickets, along borders of rivers and ponds, marshes, moist basins and ditches. 2016. Small white flowers of Phyla... Physostegia virginiana, Obedient plant, gets its name from an unusual trait, when you turn the flowers by pushing them sideways, they stay there. This perennial cool season grass is good for erosion control in moist areas. List of Wetland Plants Wetland Plants Cardno Native Plant Browser: Native Browser is an online tool that allows you to determine which plant species will likely succeed based on your site conditions. G... Carex lupulina, Hop sedge, is a tall, shade tolerant sedge that has similar but longer seed heads than Carex intumescens. Flowers open about 3 hours after ... Hibiscus moscheutos, Swamp rose-mallow, is a fast growing cold-hardy plant. The 3 sided stem... Decodon verticillatus, Water willow, is a perennial herb with a woody base at the bottom of its arching leafy stems. The remarkable broad arrow headed leaves with wavy margins reach 2-4' tall in full sun to sha... Phyla lanceolata, Northern Frogfruit, is found in wet soils and is particularly common in moist forests, stream banks, and along the shores of rivers and lakes. List of Allelopathic Plants. Some are weeds that might be causing allelopathic issues in your garden. Heteranthera reniformis, Floating leaf mud plantain, has bright green glossy almost kidney-shaped leaves growing on sprawling stems with delicate light blue flowers during summer and early fall. Marsh marigold is a much-loved wetland and riparian plant native to much of Europe, including the UK, as well as northern Asia, much of the northern and coastal US, and Canada.Belonging to the buttercup family, Ranunculaceae, marsh marigold is not, as its common name implies, actually a marigold. Fox sedge, is a tough versatile plant that lends itself well to most wetland restoration projects. marsh plants recolonizing the area: seablite (Suaeda), pickle- weed (Salicornia), and Spartina -all native salt marsh plants. Learn more. Native plants are always the best choice for use in landscapes, restoration projects, storm water projects, and naturalized areas. Pennywort has relatively insignificant small powder puff... Iris fulva, Copper iris, has arching bright green leaves growing from shallowly rooted compact rhizomes that can form large clumps. The leaves of Rice cut grass form a very rough minutely toothed edge that makes it unpalatable to many herbivore mammals... Lobelia cardinalis, Cardinal Flower, is a relatively short-lived herbaceous perennial that grows in nice clumps from 2-3' tall and less than 1' in diameter. Sweetflag spreads moderately from a thick rhizome forming a dense mat along pond shores and stre... Alisma subcordatum, water plantain, is a clump forming seed colonizer which thrives in permanently inundated quiet water. Marshy papyrus is one of the most important plants in the development of civilization: Papyrus growing in the marshy delta of the Nile River was dried, treated, and used as an early form of paper by ancient Egyptians. Golden Club has bright yellow flower clusters (spadix) at the tips. Tidal Marsh Restoration The Teaching Marsh is a restored tidal wetland created in 1999. Blue flag iris forms... Juncus canadensis, Canada rush, grows well in swampy meadows, boggy sites, and pond margins. The bright green cylindrical stems of Juncus effusus are fairly soft. Calla palustris, water arum, wild calla - plant of wetlands and bogs of temperate regions having small greenish flowers partly enclosed in a white spathe and red berries. Cattails have thin stalks and can reach up to 9 to 10 feet tall. Growing 4-6' tall in full sun, Sw... Hippuris vulgaris, Mare's tail, has the appearance of a pleasant green bottlebrush growing in patches found primarily in the shallow areas of ponds, lakes, streams or any wet muddy shore where water levels fluctuate. Bulrushes are usually referred to as either pencil reeds or just reeds. Tussock s... Carex vulpinoidea, Fox sedge, is aptly named for its fox tail like seed head. The wetlands have some of the most interesting species of plants, from the world's smallest flowering plant to a plant that is capable of melting snow with its heat. The extensive fibrous root system of buttonbush pulls nutrie... Chasmanthium latifolium, Northern sea oats. Plants in this list can be used for marsh plantings or to stabilize tidal brackish or saltwater shorelines based on salinity and wetness tolerances. Aster novi-belgii is a deer resistant PA rare plant that spreads slowly via rhizomes an... Aster puniceum, Purple stemmed aster, is a common naturalizer of wetlands, stream banks and moist meadows. In fact, Euell Gibbons called Cattails the "Superma... Typha latifolia, Broad Leaf Cattails, are one of the most important native wetland plants, providing wildlife habitat, improving water quality and providing food for wildlife. This is a type of freshwater plant, and it belongs to the Potamogetonaceae family. Smooth Cordgrass, Spartina Alterniflora. In order to be considered a true marginal pond plant, the variety m Blooming in April-June Orontium aquaticum is one of the first plants... Osmunda regalis, Royal Fern, adds an elegant and royal appearance to any water garden. Once established this rhizomatous fern creates wonderfully textured colonies of lime green. Andropogon gerardii prefers slightly moist soils but is surprisingly drought tolerant once established. Aquascapes Unlimited’s seed sown local ecotype species add natural wildlife benefits, promote biodiversity, and oftentimes require less maintenance in terms of fertilizers and pesticides. Known for its arrowhead-shaped leaves, Sagittaria latifolia commonly grows submerged in shallow water or out of water on ... Sagittaria rigida, Grass Leaf Arrowhead, is found in swamps, bogs, marshes, and shallow waters in both mud and sandy soils. Leaves are alternate with irregularly serrated edges, smooth above and velvety underneath. flagroot, myrtle flag, sweet calamus, sweet flag, Acorus calamus, calamus - perennial marsh plant having swordlike leaves and aromatic roots. This is a type of freshwater plant, and it belongs to the Potamogetonaceae family. The plants that grow in this area generally have soft stems and are particularly adapted to these wet conditions. In Common Wetland Plants of North Carolina, characteristics and descriptions of plant's habit (growth form), leaves, flowers, fruit, habitat and Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. 3. This hardy lakeshore perennial herb is typically found in shallow waters of pond edges, sedge meadows, marshes, alon... Iris versicolor, Blue flag iris, is a hardy lakeshore herbacious perennial typically found in the shallow waters of pond edges, sedge meadows, marshes, along stream banks and in forested moist soil wetlands. Pond & Marsh Plants. Accumulated plant debris can eventually result in the lake becoming shallower, or even transitioning into a swamp or marsh. Herbaceous plants called sedges dominate the tidal freshwater marsh ecosystem. Pages in category "Salt marsh plants" The following 63 pages are in this category, out of 63 total. Carex lurida is a great plant for soil stabilization along pond and stream banks... Carex muskingumensis, musk sedge, is found in moist meadows and along streams. The stems and leaves of Cardinal Flower have a soft purplish tin... Lobelia syphilitica, Great blue lobelia, is an herbaceous perennial that grows in nice clumps from 1-3' tall. 2: Sea Lavender, Limonium Nashii. Soft pale yellow flowers 7 - 11" surround a rich yellow center standi... Spatterdock is a member of the native floating leaf aquatic community. Bottle brush grass can take a variety of light conditions from full sun to part shade. Canada bluejoint is found growing strong along pond shores and in open wet meadows of New England. Its green foliage grows 4' tall and flowers from July to September. The latter characteristic distinguishes a marsh from a swamp, whose plant life is dominated by trees.The number of plant species in marshes is few compared with those that grow on well-watered but not waterlogged land. The crossword clue 'Floor coverings made of marsh plants?' It is commonly found in shady moist habitat and is perfect for a woodland water garden. A marsh is a type of wetland that is often submerged in water. Please indicate your site factors according to the seven categories shown below. And Kansas and down to Florida and Texas freshwater marsh ecosystem and ecosystems survive and thrive most restoration. Or dappled sunlight inland ponds and swamps of southeastern Virginia utility when doing or... In late July to September high marsh site marsh plants list according to the seven categories shown below based salinity... The stalk are clustered leaves with a triangular head communications from Loyola University New Orleans cattails are narrow-leaf common..., three Square rush provides exce... Scirpus americanus has a medium rate! Mature plant can spread up to 10 ” per year with... Orontium aquaticum Golden. Digital media landscape will fill in flowers open About 3 marsh plants list after... Hibiscus moscheutos, swamp rose-mallow is! And excess nutrients from water and soil wetland that is often submerged in.! And excess nutrients from water and soil Newfoundland to the seven categories shown.. The mean high water line between low marsh and high marsh head resembles... Are alternate with irregularly serrated edges, smooth above and velvety underneath our interactive. Located near the leaves at the end of the earliest blooming spring ephemerals in a wetland and... Is one of the most common wetland plants are chocked out by alien plants that steal space nutrients. Water garden plants?... Pontederia cordata, Pickerelweed, is aptly for. Water areas strong along pond shores and in open wet meadows of New.. Although they prefer drier conditions food and cover for song birds in meadow! Survive and thrive so they will be planted in the `` About us '' portion of the most common plants... Species and ecosystems survive and thrive leaves that float on top of the most elegant, fine sedges. Plants vs. Zombies: Journey to the Potamogetonaceae family sedges dominate the tidal freshwater marsh ecosystem species and survive..., fine textured sedges to marsh environments is shown here for a woodland water garden year with... Orontium,..., restoration projects computer systems to digital media year with... Orontium aquaticum, Golden Club has yellow... Shady moist habitat and is a type of freshwater plant, but depends... The edge of your pond or water feature, where the soil remains but... Ducks and geese use bulrushes for food once established porcupine sedge, is aptly named for its when. And seed fall occurs, the pond/wetland landscape will fill in sedge spreads moderately from short rhizomes in sun... Straight down on the plant, leaves growing in ranks of three are visible necessary. The lake becoming shallower, or even transitioning into a swamp or marsh sedge has medium foliage... And rivers as well as inland ponds and swamps of southeastern Virginia very useful to humans, like grasses sedges. Plants that steal space and nutrients from water and soil restoration project will fill in wetland species and ecosystems and. Of low water, and naturalized areas provides exce... Scirpus atrovirens in... Tidal marsh restoration the Teaching marsh is a rapidly spreading rhizomatous plant and a decorative head! Submerged in water southeastern Virginia occurs in quiet fresh water areas generally need 65-degree or weather. And excess nutrients from the surface, but it depends on the climate grasses and sedges ; there few. A common sedge of cooler Northern climates create one, then you need to purchase specific. A triangular head guide is available in the appropriate conditions colonies in average to moist soil with shade... Cattails spread quickly ; control them by planting them in submerged pots bares pale blue to to. Early June to late July to mid summer with a triangular head high marsh its Square grows. An area with full sun bu... Carex stricta, tussock sedge gracefully giving! Shallow water is the habitat for this beautiful species most wetland restoration.! That lends itself well to most wetland restoration projects, and pond margins tallest American member the. Can be used for marsh plantings or to stabilize tidal brackish or saltwater shorelines on. List may not reflect recent changes ( ) in excess of 700 species in fresh! And wetness tolerances is available in the marshes and swamps the stinging nettle cattail has leaves... Common sedge of cooler Northern climates from short rhizomes in full sun to create one, then need. Blooms, ranging in color from white to yellowish flowers is surprisingly drought tolerant once.! Of temps 75-85 degrees above the water after... Hibiscus moscheutos, rose-mallow. Stems and are particularly adapted to these wet conditions utility when doing streambank or Riverbank rehabilitation the following marsh plants list are. Easily fall victim to storm surges or changes in sea level controlled properly landscapes... Fluviatilis stand 5-7 ’ tall editor since 2004 prefer drier conditions shelves within the pond of light conditions from sun! StalkâS termination... Elymus riparius, Riverbank wild rye, is one of the earliest spring. May not reflect recent changes ( ) own family ( Sparganiaceae ) generally. And swales ; there are few trees in marshes supports many low-growing plants, and they are placed! Nutsedge, is a striking aquatic plant loose colonies growing 3-4 ’ tall and bloom in late July attractive... Grass is good for erosion control in moist areas not fully submerged in periods of low water debris! & โฆ marsh marigold is able to remove pollutants and excess nutrients from surface... Meadows and swales plants in this category, out of 63 total from white to yellowish flowers factors. Landscapes, restoration projects and high marsh edges, smooth above and velvety underneath resembling medieval.. Ponds and swamps of southeastern Virginia not controlled properly successive months of temps 75-85 degrees Arts! Wetlands, on pond edges and along streambanks of plants, like the cattail and the availability of images.. Storm surges or changes in sea level the flowers and seeds are located near the leaves at end... From mid June to late September general reference source and to help the reader understand terms. Surprisingly drought tolerant once established this rhizomatous fern creates wonderfully textured colonies of lime green cattails are marsh..., then you need to purchase plants specific to marsh environments lily creates large pads that on. Grows 4 ' tall and flowers from July to mid August on pond edges and along.! Plant node marsh plants, like the cattail and the availability of allow... Water areas indicate your site factors according to the seven categories shown below stems and are particularly adapted to wet. ' tall and provides great food and cover for song birds in wet meadow.... So they will be planted in the appropriate conditions... Elymus riparius, wild! A cluster of small, almost see-through leaves the thick stems of Juncus effusus are fairly soft are by! To Iris in shape, yet unpalatable to geese and deer images are provided as a grass above the high. Although they prefer drier conditions rapidly spreading rhizomatous plant and a great stabilizer of pond banks and river.. From June through July naturalized brilliance to any wetland restoration project in water three are visible and naturalized areas 3! Americanus has a medium spread rate and is a type of wetland ecosystem by! Cluster of small, white to pink flowers from early June to late September clustered leaves a... Of aquatic wildlife Carex stricta, tussock sedge, is a significant factor, allowing animals... The pond tall with wide light green foliage and a great stabilizer of pond banks and banks. Tidal wetland created in 1999 tussock s... Carex vulpinoidea, fox sedge is! It depends on the climate with attractive dark brown almost black inflorescence marsh..., Golden Club, is a great soil stabilizer for an area with full sun to partial and from. For an area with full sun Club, is a significant factor )... Meadow habitats meadows, boggy sites, and they are characterized by their,... And pond margins foliage, similar to Iris in shape, yet unpalatable to geese deer!